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Senegal officially the Republic of Senegal, is a country in West Africa. It owes its name to the Sénégal River that borders it to the east and north. Senegal is externally bounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and has a coastline of 531 km. The Gambia is almost an enclave within Senegal. Dakar, the capital city of Senegal, is continental Africa’s westernmost city.

Although predominantly Muslim, Senegal is a tolerant secular state, whose ethnic groups have lived together peacefully for several generations and have intermingled to some extent. Interethnic marriages and Islam are unifying factors. Wolof is the national language spoken by more than 80% of the population.

The spread of education and increased economic opportunity have modified a traditional social structure based on kinship, but the majority of the people adhere to the traditional values of Kersa (respect for others) and Tegin (good manners). Teranga (hospitality) is also a common value Senegalese share.

General information:
• Ethnic Groups : Wolof, Haal-Pulaar, Serer, Diola, Mandinka, Lebou, Soninke, ...
About 50,000 Europeans (mostly French) as well as smaller numbers of Lebanese, Mauritanians and other arabs reside in western Senegal’s cities
• Major languages: Wolof (lingua franca), French(official), Fulani
• Major religion: 94% Islam, 5% Christian, 1% Animist
• Governance: Republic under multi-party democratic rule, Senegal is the only West African country where the army has never seized power
• Population: 13,300,410 (July 2013 est.)
• Capital: Dakar (est. 2,8 million)
• Urban population: 42% of total population (2010)
• Major trade partners: Mali, India, France, China, UK, Nigeria, Netherlands, Italy, Spain

Hospitality is given such importance in Senegalese culture that it is widely considered to be part of the national identity. The Wolof word for hospitality is "Teranga" and it is so identified with the pride of Senegal that the national football team is known as the ''Lions of Teranga''.

If you have nice pictures of Senegal, you are welcome to post them here.

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