Sibiu has a long history in medicine, almost as old as the city itself.
In June 24, 1292 the first hospital (Almshouse) is documented, its existence being older, mentioned in the document.
In 1475, it is documentary mentioned in Sibiu an insulator for lepers in a Dominicans' convent building, located outside the city walls. There are also documentarily mentioned two "spirit houses" for the poor and sick women. In 1494, the first pharmacy in Sibiu and also from the present territory of Romania is attested. Prior to the ''Town's Pharmacy'' documented in 1494, in 1440 is atested a physician-pharmacist and in 1460 is mentioned a ''Feldapotheke'', a ''field pharmacy''.
In the 18th century a military hospital functioned in the Arsenal building, present day Kempel Caserne.
On July 25, 1852, in the presence of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria, the foundation stone of the Public Hospital was set, which eventually opened in 1857. At the end of the 19th century and following 1904, the hospital will expand.
In 1859 the Military Hospital will open. In 1863, the Psychiatric hospital is opened, under the name "Mental Hospice", which later becomes "Mental Institution", the first settlement of its kind in Southeastern Europe.
An Obstetrics and Gynecology clinic is attested between 1889 and 1892, which also trained women in the profession of midwifery. In 1911 an obstetrics and gynecology hospital opened, with 80 beds and a dormitory for 40 students of the midwifery course.
During the second half of the 19th cetury - first half of the 20th century, several private clinics functioned (Wachsmann, Ittu,Wermescher, Luther, Dr. Antal), all being nationalized in 1945.
Public Hospital in 1860
Military Hospital near Sub Arini Park in 1858