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Discussion Starter · #1 · (Edited)
Here is a list (not all) of early skyscrapers in Europe.

Skyscraper history from 1898 to 1959

Witte Huis - Rotterdam
First highrise building in Europe.
It was built in 1898, just 13 years later than the world's first high-rise, the Home Insurance Building in Chicago.
It is 43m/141ft tall, with 11 floors and was designed by the architect Willem Molenbroek.

by The Hotfessional, auf Flickr

Royal Liver building - Liverpool
Tallest building from 1911 to 1940 and one of the first buildings in the world to be built using reinforced concrete.
The building reaches with clock towers a total height of 98m and was designed by Walter Aubrey Thomas.

The Royal Liver Building from The River Mersey
by Steve Wilson, auf Flickr

Telefónica Building - Madrid
One of the first high-rise buildings in Europe.
completed: 1929 height: 89 meters, 14 floors

Telefonica Building
by a2 d2, auf Flickr

Boerentoren (now KBC-Tower) - Antwerp
One of the first high-rise buildings in Europe and the first in Antwerp.
Constructed between 1929 and 1932, it was originally 87.5m tall and was raised to 95.8m in 1976.

Boerentoren, Antwerp
by Max, auf Flickr

Piacentini Tower (now Terazza Martini Tower) - Genoa
Europe's first 100m/328ft tall highrise building.
Designed by Marcello Piacentini and Angelo Invernizzi and completed in 1940 it reaches a roof height of 108 m with 31 floors.

grattacielo sud, piazza Dante, Genova
by Xavier de Jauréguiberry, auf Flickr
& Genova by massibod, auf Flickr

The 50's - Rise of the Seven Sisters - The era of skyscrapers in Europe has begun.

Kotelnicheskaya Embankment Building - Moscow
The first skyscraper in Europe with a height of 176m/577ft and 32 floors was completed in 1952, designed by the architects Dmitry Chechulin and Andrei Rostkovsky.
This building is part of the Seven Sisters, commissioned by Joseph Stalin to be built in the Socialist Classicism.

by Sergey Norin, auf Flickr

Lomonosov Moscow State University - Moscow
This building was the tallest of the Seven Sister and Europe's first 200m/656ft+ building.
Completed in 1953 it was the tallest building in Europe and held this record for 37 years. Until 1969, it was also the tallest skyscraper outside of New York.
The main building is approximately 240m tall with 36 floors.

Moscow State University, Russia
by Chris Cheng, auf Flickr

Other examples of the Seven Sisters were Ukraine Hotel (206m), Ministry of Foreign Affairs (172m), Kudrinskaya Square Building (160m), Red Gate Building (138m), Leningradskaya Hotel (136m)

Palace of Culture and Science - Warsaw
With a height of 237m and 42 floors it was Europe's second tallest skyscraper at that time and is still Warsaw and Poland's second tallest building.
The skyscraper was built in 1955 as a gift from Soviet Union to Warsaw. Soviet architect Lev Rudnev designed this building in Seven Sisters style.

The Palace of Culture and Science
by richard.vegh, auf Flickr

First high-rise boom in Italy
Also in the 1950s, Italy constructed 6 high-rise buildings with more than 100m height. Especially in Milan, where 4 buildings were completed.
The tallest at this time is Pirelli Tower near Central Station with 127m and 32 floors. Construction of the tower began in 1956 when Italy was experiencing an economic boom and was finished in 1960.
Other examples are Torre Breda (117m), Torre Galfa (109m), Torre Velasca (106m).
This makes Milan one of the first high-rise cities on the continent.

Milan, Pirelli Building
by alsopics, auf Flickr

5,387 Posts
Discussion Starter · #2 · (Edited)
The tallest buildings in Europe from 1960 to Today

Tour Montparnasse - Paris

First 200m/656ft+ skyscraper in Western Europe and European Union.
Constructed from 1969 to 1973 it reaches a roof height of 210 m with 59 floors.

Tour Montparnasse
by Haxtorm, auf Flickr

Tower 42 - NatWest Tower
Tower 42 is an 183m / 600ft high skyscraper in the City of London.
The building was completed in 1980 and was London's first skyscraper to today's standards.

Tower 42, London, UK
by globetrekimages, auf Flickr

Messeturm - Frankfurt/Main
First 200m / 656ft skyscraper in Germany and tallest building in Europe from 1990 to 1997.
Designed by architect Helmut Jahn, Messeturm reaches a height of 256.5m with 63 floors.
Its design is comparable with some American skyscrapers such as Bank of America Plaza in Atlanta and Key Tower in Cleveland.

by Nihil Baxter007, auf Flickr

Commerzbank Tower - Frankfurt/Main
In 1997, the Commerzbank Tower replaced the Messeturm as the tallest building in Europe.
The skyscraper was designed by Norman Foster and reaches a height of 258.7/849ft meters
with 56 floors.

Frankfurt, Bethmannstraße, Blick zur Commerzbank (view of the Commerzbank)
by HEN-Magonza, auf Flickr

Triumph Palace - Moscow
For the first time in 13 years, the title of the tallest building in Europe returned to Moscow.
The 264 meter tall, 57-story building was completed in 2005 and is the tallest apartment building in Europe.
The building, architecturally based on the monumental style of the Stalin skyscrapers of the late 1950s, is often referred to as Eighth Sister.


Naberezhnaya Tower C - Moscow
The Naberezhnaya Tower C is the tallest tower of an office complex in the then emerging business district Moscow International Business Center.
The skyscraper reaches a height of 268m with 59 floors and was completed in 2007.

121. Naberezhnaya Tower C Moscow Russia
by rungsun klinkaeo, auf Flickr

City of Capitals - Moscow
At the time of completion the tallest twin towers in Europe. The taller
of both towers reaches a height of 301.6 (990ft) and 73 stories. The complex was completed in 2009.

by GeorgeDement, auf Flickr

The Shard - London
First Supertall in United Kingdom, first in the European Union and for a short time the tallest building in Europe.
The Shard reaches a height of 309.6m/1016ft and has 72 floors. At the height of 244 m there is also a observation platform.

by Paul F 36, auf Flickr

Mercury City Tower - Moscow
The Mercury City Tower is probably the tallest building with golden brown facade in the world.
The Tower reaches a height of 339 m with 75 floors and was completed in 2013.

by Ed Kaas, auf Flickr

OKO (South Tower) - Moscow
Mixed-use complex houses apartments, office space and a 5-star hotel.
Completed in 2015, it reaches a height of 354m/1,162ft with 85 floors.

Not New York, not Hong Kong, this is Moscow! Oko tower 354m.
by Canary Black, auf Flickr

Federation Tower (Vostok) - Moscow
Second tallest building in Europe. The taller of both towers reaches a height of 373,7m/1226ft
with 95 floors and was completed on December 7, 2017. The complex was designed by Sergei Tchoban and Peter Schweger.

by Igor3188, Wikimedia Commons

Lakhta Center - Saint Petersburg
Currently the tallest skyscraper in Europe with a height of 462.5m/1517ft and 87 floors.
Built for Gazprom, the building was topped out on 29 January 2018 and completed in 2019

Gazprom tower (Lakhta Center) St Petersburg. Russia
by Mark Freeth, auf Flickr

Better United
214 Posts
Skyscraper history from 1900 to 1959

You are missing those built in Madrid in the 20s and 50s :)

No More Italian Mod
39,840 Posts
Oldest in Milan

Piazza Piemonte 'twins'

These two buildings, built in 1923, were nicknamed 'grattacieli' (skyscrapers) even if they were not particularly tall (38 mt) because they were the first housing blocks to overcome the rule of 28 mt max. height.

Torre Rasini

Designed by Gio Ponti, the same architect of Pirelli Tower 20 years later, it was completed in 1935 and got a height of 50 mt

Torre Snia Viscosa

It was built in the very central square of Piazza S. Babila in 1937.
Height 60 mt

Palazzo Locatelli

Year 1939 - Height 70 mt


5,387 Posts
Discussion Starter · #8 · (Edited)
I wanted to post the most important events in the history of Europe.
This includes the highest skyscrapers of their time and the largest construction phases of the respective countries.

Germany also built historic high-rise buildings as you can see in this list.äuser_in_Deutschland

First 100m building in Germany
Friedrich-Engelhorn-Hochhaus | 102m | 28fl | 1957 | Ludwigshafen, Wikimedia Commons

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Telefónica Building in Gran Vía, Madrid. Begun in 1926 and finished in 1929, 89 metres high. The first skyscraper in Spain and one of the firsts in Europe. Designed by Ignacio de Cárdenas Pastor for the Compañía Telefónica Nacional de España.
Madrid and Barcelona have indeed a collection of 1920s-30s buildings between 55 and 80 metres which is very interesting and quite unique for European cities. All of these buildings in Madrid (Gran Vía and c/Alcalá) are still standing:ón_y_el_Fénix_Español,_Madrid

This one in Barcelona (Passeig de Gràcia), built in the 20s, reaches 75 metres:

The last one is near this other building, which doesn't fit well the conventional definition of a skyscraper, but the statue on top of the dome reaches some 60 m.


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