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SOFIA | Ancient Cultural & Communicational Complex Serdica

62597 Views 124 Replies 21 Participants Last post by  Ulpia-Serdica
A little introduction about the Ancient city of Serdica

Sofia was originally a Thracian settlement called Serdica or Sardica (Greek: Σερδική, Σαρδική), named after the Celtic[1] tribe Serdi that had populated it. For a short period during the 4th century B.C., the city was possessed by Philip of Macedon and his son Alexander the Great.

Around 29 B.C., Sofia was conquered by the Romans and renamed Ulpia Serdica.[2] It became a municipium, or centre of an administrative region, during the reign of Emperor Trajan (98-117). The city expanded, as turrets, protective walls, public baths, administrative and cult buildings, a civic basilica and a large amphitheatre called Bouleutherion, were built. When Emperor Diocletian divided the province of Dacia into Dacia Ripensis (on the banks of the Danube) and Dacia Mediterranea, Serdica became the capital of Dacia Mediterranea. The city subsequently expanded for a century and a half, which caused Constantine the Great to call it "my Rome". In 343 A.D. , the Council of Sardica was held in the city, in a church located where the current 6th century Church of Saint Sofia was later built.

Serdica was of moderate size, but magnificent as an urban concept of planning and architecture, with abundant amusements and an active social life. It flourished during the reign of Byzantine Emperor Justinian I, when it was surrounded with great fortress walls whose remnants can still be seen today.
Currently the Sofia municipality is building the second metro line. Around the area where the existing Serdica metro station is located, will be built the St. Nedelya station and around it there will be a large complex which will incorporate the remains of the old city discovered together with the already exposed remains.

Here is the project

Here are some pictures of the already exposed remains

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Here is the situation today. They have installed the concrete bars that will be used to cover part of the remains and over which they will rebuild the boulevard. Also they have started the construction of the support for the glass roof.

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cool, what did they find up there?
cool, what did they find up there?
Ruins of the main street grid of the city - the houses of the rich merchants and politicians, a church and a church-bound cemetery of the Middle Ages that was ontop of the roman layer, a roman termal bathhouse and public washing basins. Also some public buildings.

Pottery and small obejcts off cource. One of the cardos will be on display right next to the entrance of the subway station.

We hope some artefacts will be on display in the subway station itself, but we still don't have the projects, so we're only guessing.
They found about 30 meter-long stretch of the main east-west street of the Roman city of Serdica (decumanus maximus), luxurious Roman houses (one of them with an atrium), two medieval churches (one of them with fragments of frescoes) and some Ottoman remains.
a very interesting project!!!
They started some of the landscaping and sidewalks near the complex

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Some updates of the archaeological excavations

Ларгото - Строителство на втори метродиаметър -пресечна точка с с първи. Археология

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Some more updates. The landscaping over one side of the street is almost over. As for the archaeological digs, they found a further part of the ancient city's main street (the big tiles in some of the pictures) and one of the Bulgarian forumers reported that they found some columns' capitals.

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Nice project!

Indeed. It would be great if Belgrade does the same with the remains of Singidunum. :cheers:

Here are some more pictures (from newspaper

Sofia's chief architect showing some of the columns' remains.

The digs under blvd. Maria Luiza

A terracotta figure

Some other remains close to where the glass dome will be located

Some of the mosaics found in the Roman baths

Ancient tub

Ancient water system


pictures made by Little sheep

On the right, you can see the remains of Via Principalis, the main Roman road of Serdica which was connecting the Western and Eastern gates of the fortress.

They recently found a 30 sqm mosaic in one of the buildings. The hypothesis is that this room was a reception hall. The mosaic is quite well preserved, although the earth due to underground water has fallen in some parts. There are still quite a few rooms to be excavated and hopefully more mosaics will come out.

^^ Amazing! I'd love to see that in person!
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