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SOFIA | Ancient Cultural & Communicational Complex Serdica

62640 Views 124 Replies 21 Participants Last post by  Ulpia-Serdica
A little introduction about the Ancient city of Serdica

Sofia was originally a Thracian settlement called Serdica or Sardica (Greek: Σερδική, Σαρδική), named after the Celtic[1] tribe Serdi that had populated it. For a short period during the 4th century B.C., the city was possessed by Philip of Macedon and his son Alexander the Great.

Around 29 B.C., Sofia was conquered by the Romans and renamed Ulpia Serdica.[2] It became a municipium, or centre of an administrative region, during the reign of Emperor Trajan (98-117). The city expanded, as turrets, protective walls, public baths, administrative and cult buildings, a civic basilica and a large amphitheatre called Bouleutherion, were built. When Emperor Diocletian divided the province of Dacia into Dacia Ripensis (on the banks of the Danube) and Dacia Mediterranea, Serdica became the capital of Dacia Mediterranea. The city subsequently expanded for a century and a half, which caused Constantine the Great to call it "my Rome". In 343 A.D. , the Council of Sardica was held in the city, in a church located where the current 6th century Church of Saint Sofia was later built.

Serdica was of moderate size, but magnificent as an urban concept of planning and architecture, with abundant amusements and an active social life. It flourished during the reign of Byzantine Emperor Justinian I, when it was surrounded with great fortress walls whose remnants can still be seen today.
Currently the Sofia municipality is building the second metro line. Around the area where the existing Serdica metro station is located, will be built the St. Nedelya station and around it there will be a large complex which will incorporate the remains of the old city discovered together with the already exposed remains.

Here is the project

Here are some pictures of the already exposed remains

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^^ Amazing! This will all be preserved and restored right? What else have they discovered?
^^ Amazing! This will all be preserved and restored right? What else have they discovered?
Thank you for your interest :cheers:

All remains will be preserved and some will be restored up to a certain degree.

For now the highlights of the digs are the following

-remains of late antiquity-early medieval churches
-the city's main east-west street
-remains of the Roman public baths
-some large houses including one with a mosaic (seen in the pictures above) and one with a marble floor and some columns

They also rediscovered or should I say re-excavated the Western Gate.

The next steps will be to excavate the complex right next to the one I showed in the pictures above and finally the area around the St. Nedelya Church, where most archaeologists say was located the palace of the governor of Serdica.
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I wonder when it will be done, so we can go and see it?
Not really related to the project, but ultimately some good news for the region.

This building in the background is called TZUM (Central Mall), which was built during the communist era. There are rumors that the National Historical Museum which is currently located in the city's outskirts, might be relocated in this building, which has a much larger exhibition area and is centrally located. Overall, this are great news for the area since it will be having three great historical museum complexes 3 mins away from each other.

1)National Historical Museum
2)Ancient Cultural & Communicational Complex Serdica
3)National Archaeological Museum
4)Sofia Historical Museum (to be opened in old municipal baths)

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Some pretty interesting news today.

About 5 years ago, during the construction of the hotel Arena di Serdica in downtown Sofia, they uncovered the remains of an ancient Roman amphitheater. Not much has survived but nonetheless a good part of the foundations remains and the municipality currently wants to partially reconstruct the ancient buildings for its candidacy for the European Cultural Capital in 2019.

There are a few buildings located over the remains of the amphitheater, which would ultimately be torn down in order to make place for the recontruction.

Here is the ad that the municipality has raised up next to the plot. (picture was taken by Bulgariana)

the following pictures is of the remains behind the showed above ad.

Here are some pictures of the remains integrated in the hotel.

А large part of the building is still under the ground, with the southern part being the most promising in terms of preserved remains.
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Thanks for the info and the amazing updates!
Прекрасни снимки, с нетърпение чакам да се види Виа Принципалис или Кардо-то.
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