Béarn is a former Pyrenean viscounty in SW France whose vernacular language is Gascon. Soule is another former viscounty but Basque is spoken. Still, both entities share much as Soule used to belong to the diocese of Oloron (a town in Béarn). Nowadays, both are joined into the Pyrénées-Atlantiques département.
Let's begin with Lasseubetat. This little village doesn't appear on my map, it's East of Estialescq (from Gascon La Sauvetat="the refuge") : it's situated in deep Entre-Deux-Gaves (the name of the region between rivers named Gave d'Oloron in the West and Gave de Pau in the East).
On the road to Estialescq are farms in Pyrenean Béarnais style :
Estialescq is a little village before Oloron :
In the suburbs of Oloron is the castle of Goès : I'll by-pass the town in order to reach the Barétous valley. See here
The Castle of Boès in Féas (Hiars in Gascon, Inhazi in Basque < plural Latin fenare=hay prairie) welcomes us to Barétous, the first Béarnais valley when coming from the West.
Le Soum d'Ombret in Ance (Ansa in Gascon, Arhantza in Basque) :
Aramits (Aramits in Gascon, Aramitze in Basque) is the capital of Barétous :
Le Soum de Liorry and the road to Spain : I won't go and instead I make for the Basque valley of Soule (Xiberoa in local Basque).
Le Soum de Berret :
In the distance is the pass to the Aspe Valley. From West to East : Pic de Ségu, Athay and Bizarce.
Lanne is the last Béarnais village before Soule (Lana in Gascon, Landa in Basque).
Isaac de Portau's Castle aka the musketeer Porthos :
We leave Barétous and Béarn and enter Soule with this house (Cabana) overlooked by the Pic d'Arguibelle :
Montory is a Gascon-speaking village with some Basque-speaking hamlets : it used to be known as Beroritz but was renamed Montory when it was granted the For d'Oloron (fuero) : it's overlooked by the Mount Bégousse (Gascon for oak).
Arguibelle from Montory :
We eventually reach the Basque-speaking area with the main town of High Soule : Tardets (Atharratze in Basque). The Saison river is more than a torrent here.
Let's fork towards the left bank of the Saison with villages bearing great names : Alos-Sibas-Abense, Alçay-Alçabéhéty-Sunharette ...
Alos (Aloze in Basque) :
Alçay (Altzai in Basque) :
Contrary to neighbouring Béarn contaminated by meriodionalism and provençalism, new houses in Soule are built in the old vernacular style :
Let's go North towards Mauléon : the valley is getting larger and less mountainous.
Sauguis (Zalgize in Basque) with its trinitarian bell tower.
Saint-Etienne (Doneztebe in Basque) :
Menditte (Mendikota in Basque) :
In the West, as the plain is now very vast and agricultural, one can have a glimpse of the Arbailles mountains between Soule and Lower Navarre :
Let's keep going North :
Behind us, the whole Pyrenees with the infamous Pic d'Anie (situated in Béarn, Auñamendi in Basque).
Idaux (Idauze in Basque) :
Garindein (Garindañe in Basque) :
We finally reach Mauléon-Licharre, capital of Soule known for its castle named "Galhard" in the Middle-Ages.
Béarn awaits us but before that a succession of tiny Basque villages.
Chéraute (Sohüta in Basque) :
Abense-de-Bas (Onizepea in Basque) :
Espès (Ezpeize in Basque) :
Undurein (Ündüreiñe in Basque) :
We finally leave Soule and come back to Béarn. Our last stop will be in the Béarnais hamlet of Usquain (a Basque toponym still < uz+gain).
Le Pic d'Orhy as seen from Usquain :
The whole panorama from Usquain (notice a little red house ruining the landscape : that's a plague in Béarn. The lack of identity of Gascon-speaking Béarn allows people to commit architectural crimes everywhere ; you'll never get to see that in the Basque Country).