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Tauresium (Macedonian: Тауресиум) or known as Gradište (Градиште) is an archaeological site in Macedonia, located approximately 20 km south-east of the capital Skopje. Tauresium is the birthplace of Byzantine Emperor Justinian I (483) and King Theodahad of the Ostrogoths (480).

The ancient town of Tauresium is located on the territory of the modern Macedonian village Taor.[2] The name of the modern village comes from the name of the ancient town. The alternative name of Tauresium in Macedonian is Gradište, but often instead of Gradište, Tauresium or Taor are used.

Tauresium is located in Zelenikovo Municipality, near the village Taor, some 20 km south-east of Skopje. The site was discovered by the Englishman Arthur Evans more than 100 years ago. According to the Justinian's biographer Procopius, the Emperor was born in Tauresius in 483, more precisely in the castle of Baderiana, which is the modern village Bader . About the town, Procopius in his book "De aedificiis" states[2]:

…Somewhere in the area of European Dardanians, who live behind Epidamnian border, close to castle Baderiana, was found village Tavrisi.[3] Here was born king Justinian, founder of world kingdom. Surrounding this village with square walls and building tower on each corner, he created four corner castles and named it Tetrapirgus. Here he build nice city and named it Justiniana Prima, on this way he wants to show his gratitude to parenthood…

Tauresium and the castle Baderiana were destroyed in a big earthquake in 518 and the epicentre of the earthquake was in the nearby city of Skupi. As a gesture of gratitude to his birthplace, Justinian I rebuilt the city. According to the excavations that has been done so far, it is estimated that the oldest parts of Tauresium date from the IV century and this oldest part is a castle with four towers known as Tetrapirgia. Regarding Baderiana, Procopius states that it is settled castle with oddments from IV-VI century.[2] Baderiana or the modern Bader is located 6 km east of Tauresium and Taor.





 

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