I opened this thread to post pictures of a less-known area of Transylvania, the Zarand Land, one of the many lands of Transylvania. In fact the Zarand Land is a part of Crișana historical province which become a part of Principality of Transylvania (1570–1711)
Here is a brief overview from wikipedia
translated from Romanian:
"Lying on the western slope of the Apuseni Mountains, on both sides of the Crișul Alb river, the Zarand Land is one of the richest reserves of archaic traditions in Romania. It extends across the counties of Arad, Hunedoara and Alba. Almost you can't say they are mountains. Some gentle ridges, rough stone, down the coast of the Apuseni Mountains, westward flowing long waves, smoothing nearer until final blending with plain Arad. Zarandului Mountains. The Zarand Land. A "country" almost as big as the entire Maramureș, but about which almost nothing is known. The center of the area is Brad city (17 000 inhabitants)."
Its boundaries are not very well defined among contemporaries. From the historical point of view, it would correspond to the boundaries of the old county of Zarand (Zarand comitatus) a part of Crișana, enclosed to the independent Principality of Transylvania after 1541, and the old center of the area is Baia de Cris / Körösbánya / Altenburg. The old Zarand county was an administrative division of Austro-Hungary till 1867 when it was divided, the western part becoming a part of Arad county while the eastern parts was enclosed to Hunedoara county, nowadays the northern part of the county. It was divided because it was too large as an administrative area, but there are many similarities between villages, and landscapes from the Crișul Alb valley.
The large depression of Zarand land stretches from Western Pannonian Plain to east at the foothills of mountains, close in the heart of Apuseni mountains. The large steeps at the foot of Apuseni mountains separates the two geographic units, the Zarand corridor and mountains, between a fault system on which alignment during the tectonic phases of the pliocene epoch the depression submerged and separated from mountains. On this land everywhere you can see the same type of villages, small depressions which stretches as gulf-basins from Western Plain to foothills of the Apuseni Mountains and large diversity of relief forms (high planes, hills, valleys and small or medium level mountains) dominates the landscape. Some of this depressions from the mountainous area are discontinued by low and easy passes. Only the Criș river flows to Western Plain through this gentle ridges between depressions which ends in Western Plain. The upper part of the Zarand Land in Brad area is a part of The Golden Quadrilateral in the Metaliferi Mountains, an area known from its mining history from Dacian and Roman times.