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Discussion Starter · #1 · (Edited)

There are a lot of wineries with very unconventional look: I'm thinking at the one designed by Arch. Gehry in Spain, and some others that I saw in Italy, my country.

For each one it would be a good rule to have data such Architect's name, opening year, site, extension of the covered area ecc and typical wines of the area.

I just apologise for my poor english :D


Mario Botta, Santiago Calatrava, Foster and Partner, Zaha Hadids, Massimiliano Fuksas, Arnaldo Pomodoro


Competition in the global wine industry is fierce.

The world continues to plant grape vines at a record-breaking pace. An emphasis on higher quality, massive plantings has occurred over the past several years, primarily in "New World" wine regions. In the late 1990s, the major "New World" exporting countries of Australia, Chile and the US increased their total international export sales significantly, including to Canada.

Various studies have been undertaken around the world to determine if there are health benefits from the moderate consumption of wine. Some of these studies have reported very positive results. Most notable is the "French Paradox", which cites the lower rate of heart disease in France, despite risk factors similar to those in the US. It is believed that these health benefits exist as a result of the French drinking more red wine. The "French Paradox" garnered worldwide press in the early 1990s and subsequently led to a significant increase in red wine consumption. If such claims continue to gain mainstream acceptance, they could lead to further increases in wine consumption among the general population over time.

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Discussion Starter · #2 · (Edited)


Over the past quarter-century, Canadian vintners have increased their production of high-quality wines. Canada's early European settlers attempted to grow a number of European grape varieties of the Vitis vinifera (V. vinifera) species but failed due to hot, humid summers combined with frigid winter temperatures. Instead, the wine industry turned to hardier native grape varieties such as Vitis labrusca, Vitis riparia and other hybrids, focussing primarily on producing fortified wines.

Although Canada is not a major wine producer by global standards, the industry has evolved into a niche maker of internationally-respected Icewines and Late Harvest wines due to cool-climate influences.

Wineries also use hybrid grape varieties such as Vidal, adding another 17 thousand metric tonnes to the 2007 production level.

With a national grape crush of 78 thousand metric tonnes, the capacity to make wine exclusively from Canadian grapes is estimated to be around 54.6 million litres annually.
The Canadian wine sector is largely located in Ontario, British Columbia (BC), and to a much lesser extent, in Quebec and the Maritimes (primarily Nova Scotia). The majority of Canadian production takes place in the Niagara region of Ontario.


Mission Hill Family Estate - CANADA
Jackson-Triggs Niagara Estate Winery - CANADA

2) USA

There are more than 23,000 farms that grow grapes, of which 90 percent are on plots smaller
than 100 acres.
Since 1999, the number of wineries has increased by 81 percent from 2688 to 4867. According
U.S. Treasury’s Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Division (TTB)2, these 4,867 wine
producers produced a total of 2.44 billion liters
• At 2.18 billion liters, California accounted for 89.25 percent, followed by
• New York with 106.8 million liters (4.37 percent),
• Washington with 75.9 million liters (3.11 percent),
• Oregon with 15.6 million liters (0.64 percent),
• Florida with 6.6 million liters (0.27 percent),
• New Jersey with 6.3 million liters (0.26 percent),
• Kentucky with 4.7 million liters (0.19 percent),
• Ohio with 4.2 million liters (0.18 percent),
• Virginia with 3.7 million liters (0.15 percent), and
• North Carolina with 3.5 million liters (0.14 percent).


King Estate - Oregon
Carneros Winery


Mexican wine
Grapes during pigmentation in Baja California, Mexico.Mexican wine and wine making began with the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century, when they brought vines from Europe to modern day Mexico, the oldest wine-growing region in the Americas.
There are three major wine producing areas in Mexico, with the Baja California area producing 90% of Mexico’s wine. This area is promoted heavily for wine tourism with the “Ruta del Vino” (Wine Route), which connects over fifty wineries with the port of Ensenada and the border and the annual Vendimia harvest festival.

Wine making in Mexico began to experience a comeback in the 1980s, with wine production peaking at four million cases a year in the latter part of the decade. However, the 1980s also opened Mexico’s small wine market to foreign competition, which hurt it. Baja California, which produces 90% of Mexico’s wine, only sells about 1.5 million cases a year today, but the quality of this wine is generally higher.

The numbers tell the story: While Mexico produced 100,000 hectoliters (2.6 million gallons) of wine in 2009 – the last year for which statistics are available – powerhouses Argentina and Chile produced 12.10 million hectoliters (319 million gallons) and 8.44 million hectoliters (222 million gallons) that same year, according to California wine producer association The Wine Institute.


Estapor Venir Mezcla

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Discussion Starter · #3 · (Edited)


Wine production and consumption in Argentina dates back to more than 400 years ago, when the first specimens of Vitis vinifera were brought to America by the Spaniards in the early sixteenth century.
By the end of the 19th century, the Railway and the settling of European immigrants with vast experience in wine elaboration caused the biggest expansion of the wine as a national industry.
Cabernet, Malbec, Pinot, Semillon, Merlot and Chardonnay discovered ideal weather conditions and prospered successful and rapidly, originating the first Argentinean fine wines.

The Argentina wine map covers a vast area to the west of the country, from North to South between 22 and 42 degrees Southern latitude, all along the Andes. In this region, more than 228,575 hectares are planted with vines.

Situated on wide valleys or sloping prairies, Argentinean wine regions have well-defined characteristics, being altitude the most important one. The proximity to the Andes is the reason why wine cultivation takes place on sloping plains, from 300 meters to 3,000 above sea level. This peculiarity is unique in the world, since not only are the vineyards located at the highest altitudes known for wine cultivation, but also the general average is over 900 meters above sea level, which is something with no paragon in the rest of the world.

Another distinctive aspect of the Argentinean vineyards is their natural healthy condition, based on the mildness of a dry weather, which causes vineyard illnesses to be infrequent. Therefore, very few treatment procedures are needed to beat illnesses. The irrigation system allows soil fertility regulation by making use of the purest melt water from the Andes.

The sky, crystal clear almost every day, provides abundant sun rays which allow high levels of maturity, but always conveniently balanced with a considerable temperature range.

As an additional piece of information, but not less important, all the vineyards are located far away from urban poles, thereby avoiding the contact with pollution. The soil which supports these vineyards is young, fertile and barely farmed. This fact grants a unique feature to the wines, reflected in intense colors, deep aromas and meaty but fruity flavors.

The Argentine Wine Industry - Key statistics – production and consumption

In 2005, Argentina's total plantings produced 2.7 billion kilograms of wine grapes.

That weight yielded a total wine production of 1.5 billion litres, of which 1.1 billion was produced in Mendoza.

There were nearly 26,000 vineyards registered in Argentina in 2005.

The total area of vineyards in Argentina has grown from 210,000 hectares in 1995 to 213,000 hectares in 2005.

Again, this statistic obscures slightly the fact that during that period, many of the hectares involved have had their vines replaced – with high-yielding, low value varieties replaced with premium grapes.

215 million litres of wine were exported in 2005. This was a record high, but only just: in 1995, 197 million litres were exported.

But that raw statistic disguises the change in the nature of the product, and consequently its growing importance to Argentina (as well as wine lovers around the world!). While the value of the product exported in 1995 was just US$61 million, in 2005 almost the same volume of wine was worth more that US$302 million – five times as much.


Winery O. Fournier
Winery O. Fournier
Bodega del Fin del Mundo

Chile’s geographic barriers—the Atacama Desert to the north, the Andes Mountains to the east, the Patagonian ice fields to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west—make Chile a veritable agricultural island. Together they help maintain healthy conditions and protect vineyards against pests and disease. And with a geography as diverse as Chile’s, you can be sure that the climate will have terrific variation.
The combination of beneficial natural barriers and a benevolent Mediterranean climate make sustainability and organics a logical choice in Chilean winegrowing. In fact, Chile has some of the largest organic vineyards in the world.
Curiously, it’s not the distance from the equator that plays the dominant role here, but rather the proximity to the Pacific Ocean or the Andes Mountains. Chile has much greater diversity in soils and climates from east to west than from north to south.

Chile wine production increases in volume and quality
Chilean winemakers reported just over a billion litres of wine produced between July 1, 2008 and June 30, 2009, an increase of 14.5% over the previous year.

The 2009 production also saw a sharp rise in wines that were classified as “denominación de origen” (DO). These are wines that - by following strict quality guidelines - allow winemakers to label their wares as coming from a specific region.

This year 85.9% of all wine produced was classified as DO, up from last year’s 79.6%.

Of the DO wines, Cabernet Sauvignon, a dark, red wine, led the pack with 39.1% of total production, or almost 335 million litres. Sauvignon blanc, a dry white wine, was next with 14.3%, nearly 122.4 million litres. Merlot, Chardonnay, and Carmenere followed with 13.3, 11.2 and 8.7% of total production, respectively.

The DO classification system works in a similar vein to the US system of American Viticultural Areas (AVAs)
Chilean vineyards zones:

Elqui, Limari, Aconcagua, Casablanca, San Antonio, Maipo, Cachapoal, Colchagua, Curico, Maule, Itata, Bio Bio


Viña Tarapacá, Chile
Viña Errazuriz
Bodega Loma Larga


Brazil, the largest country in Latin America and considered the fifth largest wine producer in the Southern Hemisphere, has been making wine since the beginning of its colonization, but it was the arrival of Italian immigrants, starting in 1875, that brought importance to the activity. Over the past fifteen years, the Brazilian wine industry has made a tremendous investment in technological innovation and vineyard management. The result? Excellent quality wines recognized over two thousand international wine awards.

Currently, the Brazilian wine regions total 83,700 hectares, divided into six regions: Serra Gaúcha, Campanha, Serra do Sudeste and Campos de Cima da Serra, no Rio Grande do Sul, Planalto Catarinense, in Santa Catarina, and Vale do São Francisco, in the northeast of Brazil.

Today there are over 1,100 wineries around the country, mostly based on small farms (an average of 2 hectares per family). The grape and wine productive chain combines techniques that ensure the quality of their labels, such as manual harvesting and cutting-edge technology in viticulture and winemaking processes. Consequently, Brazil is capable of producing fresh, fruity and balanced wines, very pleasant with moderate alcohol content. Wine Market_Sao Paulo ATO_Brazil_2-24-2011.pdf
The International Organization of Vine and Wine (OIV) estimates the world total wine production at 266 million hectoliters (ndr 2009). Brazilian production accounted for approximately 3 million hectoliters, representing 1 percent of world total production. (



Bodega alto de la Ballena
Vina Varela Zarranz

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Discussion Starter · #4 · (Edited)

The number of bottles produced by English wineries jumped from 1.34 million in 2008 to 3.17 million in 2009, according to official figures released by English Wine Producers, the trade body.

Denbies Wine Estate near Dorking, Surrey England


Portugal is the EU fifth wine producer in volume with total production estimated at 5.9 Mhl in CY2012. This marks a return to normal levels after an extraordinarily high production in the previous year. The EU Commission estimates that Portugal will have reduced its grape growing area by 4.3 percent from an initial 238,831 ha by the end of 2011, the term of the three year period of duration of the grubbing-up scheme. This equates to a reduction in wine production of an estimated 234,985 hl corresponding to 3.6 percent of Portugal’s 5-year production average.
The majority of wines produced in Portugal are either Wine with Protected Denomination of Origin (PDO) or Wine with Protected Geographic Indication (PGA) [Fig. 2]. Production of Red and Rosé wine stood at 71 percent in 2010 while that of White wine accounted for the remainder 29 percent. GAI... Standing Report_Madrid_Portugal_3-7-2012.pdf


Cantina Niepoort _Santo Adrião
Adega Mayor
Quinta do Encontro
Quinta do Portal


This year, wine production in Greece is estimated at 230,000 tons, 100,000 tons down from last year, due to mildew on grapes’ leaves that caused ruin to grapes in many areas of Greece.
The harvesting of wine grapes takes place 10 days later compared to 2010, while downy mildew ruined some vineyards completely. Yet, the quality of the Greek wine remains undoubtedly very good.


Katogi Strofilia


With a production of 124,200 tons of wine (as of 2009), Moldova has a well established wine industry. It has a vineyard area of 148,500 hectares (367,000 acres) of which 107,800 hectares (266,000 acres) are used for commercial production. The remaining 40,700 hectares (101,000 acres) are vineyards planted in villages around the houses used to make home-made wine, or "vin de casa". Many families have their own recipes and strands of grapes that have been passed down through the generations.

In 2009, Moldova was the twenty-second largest wine producing country in the world. Most of the country's commercial wine production is for export

Cricova Winery
Purcari Winery
Milestii Mici (largest wine cellar in the world)
Cojusna Winery
Chateau Vartely


Croatian wine (vino, pl. vina) has a history dating back to the Ancient Greek settlers, and their wine production on the southern Dalmatian islands of Vis, Hvar and Korčula some 2,500 years ago.[1] Like other old world wine producers, many traditional grape varieties still survive in Croatia, perfectly suited to their local wine hills. Modern wine-production methods have taken over in the larger wineries, and EU-style wine regulations[2] have been adopted, guaranteeing the quality of the wine.

There are currently over 300 geographically defined wine regions, and a strict classification system to ensure quality and origin. The majority of Croatian wine is white, with most of the remainder being red, and only a small percentage is rosé wines. In 2010, Croatia ranked 30th in wine producing countries with an estimated 50,000 tonnes.[3]

Korta Katarina Winery

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Discussion Starter · #7 · (Edited)


French wine is produced in several regions throughout France, in quantities between 50 and 60 million hectolitres per year, or 7–8 billion bottles.
France has the world's second-largest total vineyard area, behind Spain, and is in the position of being the world's largest wine producer losing it once (in 2008) to Italy.[1] French wine traces its history to the 6th century BC, with many of France's regions dating their wine-making history to Roman times. The wines produced today range from expensive high-end wines sold internationally, to more modest wines usually only seen within France.

Two concepts central to higher end French wines are the notion of "terroir", which links the style of the wines to the specific locations where the grapes are grown and the wine is made, and the Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée (AOC) system. Appellation rules closely define which grape varieties and winemaking practices are approved for classification in each of France's several hundred geographically defined appellations, which can cover entire regions, individual villages or even specific vineyards.

France is the source of many grape varieties (such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Sauvignon Blanc, and Syrah) that are now planted throughout the world, as well as wine-making practices and styles of wine that have been adopted in other producing countries.

Table wine:
Vin de France, a table wine category basically replacing Vin de Table, but allowing grape variety and vintage to be indicated on the label.
Indication Géographique Protégée (IGP), an intermediate category basically replacing Vin de Pays.
Appellation d'Origine Protégée (AOP), the highest category basically replacing AOC wines.

Wine regions of France
The recognized wine producing areas in France are regulated by the Institut National des Appellations d'Origine – INAO in acronym.

Alsace is primarily a white-wine region, though some red, rosé, sparkling and sweet wines are also produced. Grapes grown in Alsace include Riesling, Gewurztraminer, Pinot Gris, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Noir, and Muscat.

Beaujolais is primarily a red-wine region generally made from the Gamay grape, though some white and sparkling rosé are also produced. It is situated in central East of France following the river Saone below Burgundy and above Lyon. There are 12 appellations in Beaujolais. The Beaujolais region is also notorious for the Beaujolais Nouveau.

Bordeaux is a large region on the Atlantic coast, which has a long history of exporting its wines overseas. This is primarily a red wine region, famous for the wines Château Lafite-Rothschild, Château Latour, Château Mouton-Rothschild, Château Margaux and Château Haut-Brion from the Médoc sub-region; Château Cheval Blanc and Château Ausone in Saint-Émilion; and Château Pétrus and Château Le Pin in Pomerol.

Burgundy or Bourgogne in eastern France is a region where red and white wines are equally important. The top wines from Burgundy's heartland in Côte d'Or command high prices.
There are two main grape varieties used in Burgundy – Chardonnay for white wines, and Pinot Noir for red.

Champagne, situated in eastern France, close to Belgium and Luxembourg, is the coldest of France's major wine regions and home to its major sparkling wine. Champagne wines can be both white and rosé.

Corsica is an island in the Mediterranean the wines of which are primarily consumed on the island itself.

Jura, a small region in the mountains close to Switzerland where some unique wine styles, notably Vin Jaune and Vin de Paille, are produced.

Languedoc-Roussillon is the largest region in terms of vineyard surface, and the region in which much of France's cheap bulk wines have been produced.

Loire valley is a primarily white-wine region that stretches over a long distance along the Loire River in central and western France, and where grape varieties and wine styles vary along the river.

Provence, in the south-east and close to the Mediterranean. It is perhaps the warmest wine region of France and produces mainly rosé and red wine. It covers eight major appellations led by the Provence flagship, Bandol.

Rhone Valley, primarily a red-wine region in south-eastern France, along the Rhône River.

Savoy or Savoie, primarily a white-wine region in the Alps close to Switzerland, where many grapes unique to this region are cultivated.

South West France
South West France or Sud-Ouest, a somewhat heterogeneous collection of wine areas inland or south of Bordeaux.

Chais Cheval blanc / Christian de Portzamparc 1 - 2 - 3
Domaine de Chevalier

La maison Trimbach - Ribeauvillé
Maison Hugel - Riquewhir
Chateau d'Arsac
Chateau Faugères
Chateau Pichon Longueville
Chateau Villemaurine
Chateau Cos d'Estournel 1 - 2
Chateau Pavie 1 - 2

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Discussion Starter · #8 · (Edited)


Italian Wines
Italy's glowing reputation with wine is due not only to the fact that it produces and exports more than any other country but that it offers the greatest variety of types, ranging through nearly every color, flavor and style imaginable.

Their wines derive not only from native vines, which represent an enormous array, but also from a complete range of international varieties.

For a while it may have seemed that the worldwide trend to standardize vines and wines was bound to compromise Italy's role as the champion of diversity. But, instead, leading producers in many parts of the country have kept the emphasis firmly on traditional vines. They have taken the authentic treasures of their ancient land and enhanced them in modern wines whose aromas and flavors are not to be experienced anywhere else. Getting to know the unique wines of Italy is an endless adventure in taste.

Experts increasingly rate Italy's premier wines among the world's finest. Many of the noblest originate in the more than 300 zones officially classified as DOC or DOCG-or, more recently, in areas recognized for typical wines under IGT (see Quality Laws & Labels).

Depending on the vintage, modern Italy is the world's largest or second largest wine producer. In 2005, production was about 20% of the global total, second only to France, which produced 26%. In the same year, Italy's share in dollar value of table wine imports into the U.S. was 32%, Australia's was 24%, and France's was 20%. Along with Australia, Italy's market share has rapidly increased in recent years

Italian appellation system

Italy's classification system has four classes of wine, with two falling under the EU category Quality Wine Produced in a Specific Region (QWPSR) and two falling under the category of 'table wine'. The four classes are:

Table Wine:

Vino da Tavola (VDT) - Denotes simply that the wine is made in Italy. The label usually indicates a basic wine, made for local consumption.
Indicazione Geografica Tipica (IGT) - Denotes wine from a more specific region within Italy. This appellation was created in 1992 for wines that were considered to be of higher quality than simple table wines, but which did not conform to the strict wine laws for their region.
Denominazione di Origine Controllata (DOC)Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita (DOCG)
Both DOC and DOCG wines refer to zones which are more specific than an IGT, and the permitted grapes are also more specifically defined. The main difference between a DOC and a DOCG is that the latter must pass a blind taste test for quality in addition to conforming to the strict legal requirements to be designated as a wine from the area in question.

Presently, there are 120 IGT zones. In February 2006, there were 311 DOC plus 32 DOCG appellations, according to the PDF document

Italy's 20 wine regions correspond to the 20 administrative regions. Understanding of Italian wine becomes clearer with an understanding of the differences between each region; their cuisines reflect their indigenous wines, and vice-versa. The 36 DOCG wines are located in 13 different regions but most of them are concentrated in Piedmont and Tuscany. Among these are appellations appreciated and sought after by wine lovers around the world: Barolo, Barbaresco, and Brunello di Montalcino (colloquially known as the "Killer B's").


Val d'Aosta
Caves de Donnas
Cave des onzes communes
Cave Coopérative de l'Enfer
Cave du Vin Blanc de Morgex e de La Salle
Cascina Adelaide - Barolo (CN) - ITALY
Domenico Clerico in Monforte d'Alba (CN) ITALY
Terre da Vino
Cantina di Sandra Vezza
L'Acino - Cantine Ceretto
Cubo - cantine Ceretto
Barone Pizzini
Distilleria Nardini
Trentino Alto Adige
Cantina PETRA
Tenuta le Mortelle - Castiglione della Pescaia (GR) - ITALY
Cà Marcanda
Cantine Florio
Cantina Cusumano
Feudo di mezzo - Planeta

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