Ulaanbaatar is the capital of Mongolia. In 2006 its population was estimated at roughly just under a million citizens. The city is situated north and slightly east of the center of Mongolia, on the Tuul River, a subtributary of the Selenga, in a valley at the foot of the mountain Bogda Uul.
*History: Founded in 1639, Ulan Bator, then Urga, was originally located at the site of the Buddhist monastery of Da Khuree (Mongolian: Даа хүрээ [Daa hüree]), around 400 km from the present Ulaanbaator in Arhangay Province and was the seat of the first Jebtsundamba, Zanabazar. It was moved often to various places along the Selenga, Orhon, and Tuul rivers until reaching its present location in the late 18th century. It prospered in the 1860s as a commercial center on the tea route between Russia and China and was the seat of the Qing amban in Mongolia. Mongolia first proclaimed its independence upon the collapse of the Manchu Empire in 1911 and the city became the capital of the new Mongolian People's Republic in 1924.
State Department store
Russian GAZ-A and American Willy's
The Gandan Tegchinlen Monastery
Sukhbaatar and Choibalsan mausoleum in the centre of the city
Sukhbaatar monument at Sukhbaatar square