I thought this would be a cool thread to discuss 'diversity'. It seems like 'diversity' is increasingly becoming a buzzword and that its meaning is now increasingly dumbed down to having 'lots of brown people'.
But there are lots of forms of racial diversity and this thread is aimed at parsing through which countries excel at which forms of diversity. So, here's my views on which countries are the most diverse by metric:
Ethnic diversity is best described as diversity within racial subsets. So a country like Mexico is ethnically diverse because its ethnic mix includes lots of Mesoamerican tribes. Though both Austria and Switzerland are white, Austria is overwhelmingly of Germanic stock while Switzerland has a lot more ethnic diversity (having French and Italian stock as well)
Winner: Papua New Guinea
How diverse are values, norms and cultural mores within a country. This one is probably super tricky to measure but what countries have the largest spectrum not just in terms of political and economic philosophies (Socialism, Communism, Capitalism) but social issues (women's rights, gay rights, religious rights).
Winner: A very loaded metric but I'll say France (a spectrum that includes everything from left-wing radicals to right-wing nativists)
Pretty straight-forward. Not just the quantity of languages spoken in a country but how few dominant languages there are. The USA might have every language in the world but there is a dominant language (English). I think the US therefore is less linguistically diverse than a country like Nigeria where there are much fewer languages spoken than the US but there is no dominant language and the 'market share' of the most dominant language is like 20%
What proportion of the population is of mixed racial or ethnic backgrounds. Anthropologists use the word 'miscegenation'. So which countries win on this metric?
Probably the most commonly perceived form of diversity. Most people gauge this as the proportion of a population that is brown. I think that's erroneous. A country that is 100% black is just as racially homogenous as one that's 100% white. So which countries have the biggest mix of races (which itself is an amorphous concept but we can go with the traditional: white, black, East Asian, South Asian, Amerindian/mestizo)
Winner: United States of America
Not just the number of religions practiced in a country but the lack of a dominant faith. A country like India might have every religion present in its boundaries but there is one main faith (Hinduism).
Winner: Singapore (a tough call)
Not just Gini Index numbers but which country has a diverse socioeconomic population. A country that has lots of rich people and no poor is not diverse in this metric (sorry Norway). Likewise a country with almost all poor is not diverse (even if the wealth is overwhelmingly concentrated in the rich). Which country has a diverse share of extreme poverty, working class poverty, middle class, upper class and very wealthy peoples?
Countries that do well in overall diversity but are not at the top of the list in any particular category: Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Guyana, Indonesia, Iran, Mauritius, Nigeria, Panama, Philippines, South Africa, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Venezuela
Any other forms of diversity I'm missing? Any country that should have been named a winner in any category above?