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Zamosc is called "Pearl of Rennaisance". Its main square is on Unesco world heritage list.


















 

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One of most powerful polish nobles - Jan Zamoyski has founded this town in 1580. He has hired an italian architect Bernardo Morando to design "a perfect city" and built it between 1580-1590.
It was a very multicultural town - many nations settled there, each of them had their own temple (apart from catholic and protestant churches, there was an armenian church, a synagogue and a greek orthodox church). The chronicle mentions in 1591 among the inhabitants apart from poles and ruthenians (rusyns) such nations as armenians, greeks, germans, hungarians, italians, jews, and scots!!!





 

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From history of Zamosc

"The Germans declared the area to be the "First Resettlement Area" of the General Gouvernement in November, 1942, which resulted in the "ethnic cleansing" of hundreds of villages in the region, to make room for German nationals. Tens of thousands of Poles were deported to labor or extermination camps, or killed outright, while others were singled out to be "Germanized" and resettled in the Reich."


"JOHN DAMSKI: Himmler once visited Zamosc, and finding that it was a lovely town--built on the model of Padua, Italy--he had the idea to turn it into a German city, called Himmlerstadt. However, if it was to be a German city he would need to get rid of all the Poles living there. To accomplish this he sent out a special commission to examine the population to decide who was German. Those with blue eyes--to the right; the others--out. I wasn't in front of that commission because I had left Zamosc by that time, but my brother Zygmunt, who was blond with blue eyes, was living there. The Germans measured his hands, and the length of his fingers--and these were supposedly educated people. "


So to answer your question town's human potential was decimated but most of Zamosc was spared.
 

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someone should get pics of restored cathedral and renaissance city walls and gates.
 
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